How to Use Editor, Regex and Hooks with Z-shell

18 ott 2023 1 min di lettura
How to Use Editor, Regex and Hooks with Z-shell
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Z-shell (Zsh) is a very powerful shell that offers numerous customization features. In this tutorial, we will explore how to use editors, regular expressions (regex), and hooks in Z-shell to optimize your workflow. We'll discover how to edit files on the fly, apply regex to match variables and text, and configure hooks to automatically respond to events in your shell ​ 1 ​.

Step 1: Configuring the Editor in Z-shell

Z-shell allows you to use text editors directly from the shell. To set up a default editor, you can add the following line to your ~/.zshrc file:

export EDITOR="vim"

Where "vim" is your favorite editor. Save the file and restart Z-shell to apply the changes.

Step 2: Using Regex in Z-shell

Z-shell supports regular expressions via extended glob operators and the zsh/regex module. To use regex in Z-shell, you can use =~ operator or extended glob operators as shown in the following example:

if [[ "$string" =~ [0-9]+ ]]; then
 echo "La stringa contiene numeri."

In this snippet, we test whether a string contains numbers using a regular expression​.

Step 3: Creating Hooks in Z-shell

Hooks in Z-shell allow you to execute scripts or commands in response to certain events. For example, you can create a hook that runs every time you log into Z-shell by adding the following script to your ~/.zshrc file:

autoload -Uz add-zsh-hook
 function my_hook() {
 echo "Benvenuto in Z-shell!"
 add-zsh-hook precmd my_hook

In this snippet, we created a precmd hook that displays a welcome message every time you log in to Z-shell.


In this tutorial, we explored how to set up an editor in Z-shell, how to use regular expressions to manipulate strings, and how to create hooks to automate the behavior of your shell. With these features, you can further customize your Z-shell environment, making your workflow more efficient and effective.

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