How to load JSON data from a file with Python

2 feb 2024 2 min di lettura
How to load JSON data from a file with Python
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In programming, JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a popular way to share data. It's simple and flexible, making it the best choice for things like web services and program configuration. Python, known for its comprehensive toolset and simple language, works very well with JSON. This guide will show you how to easily work with JSON data in Python, helping you manage data more smoothly and effectively.

Python program to load JSON files

Below is a concise example program that shows how to load JSON data from a file in Python, followed by a detailed explanation of each part of the program.

import json

 # Path to the JSON file
 file_path = 'example_data.json'

 # Load JSON data from the file
 with open(file_path, 'r') as file:
 data = json.load(file)

 # Display the loaded data

 # Example of accessing a specific data element
 # Uncomment the following line and replace 'key' with a valid key from your JSON file
 # print(data['key'])

Program details

Import JSON Module - The program starts by importing Python's built-in json module, which provides the functionality to encode and decode JSON data.

import json

Define the path of the JSON file: a file_path variable is defined to contain the path of the JSON file that we intend to load. Replace "example_data.json" with the path to your actual JSON file.

file_path = 'example_data.json'

Open JSON file - The with statement is used to open the file in read ("r") mode. This approach ensures that the file is closed correctly after reading its contents, even if an error occurs during the file operation.

with open(file_path, 'r') as file:

Load JSON data: Inside the with block, the json.load(file) function is called to parse the JSON data from the file directly into a Python object (typically a dictionary or list, depending on the structure of the JSON data). The analyzed data is then assigned to variable data.

data = json.load(file)

View loaded data - The loaded JSON data is printed to the console, allowing us to verify that it was loaded correctly.


Accessing a specific data item: The last part of the program (commented) shows how to access a specific item within the loaded JSON data. By specifying a key ("key"), you can retrieve the corresponding value. This line should be uncommented and modified to fit the structure of your JSON data.

# print(data['key'])

Notes on usage

  • Replace "example_data.json" with the actual path to your JSON file.
  • If your JSON file contains an array at the top level, the data will be a Python list after loading. You can scroll through this list or access its items via index.
  • If your JSON data is an object (i.e. a set of key-value pairs), the data will be a Python dictionary after loading. You can access its values ​​via its keys.

This program provides a simple example of how to load and work with JSON data in Python, making it easy to integrate JSON data management into your projects.


Loading JSON data in Python is a simple process, thanks to the built-in json module. By following these simple steps, you can effortlessly read, analyze, and work with JSON data, making it a powerful tool in your Python programming arsenal. Whether you're dealing with configuration files, using a web API, or managing application settings, Python and JSON together offer a solid solution for managing data efficiently and effectively.

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