Blockchain Commands Hands-on Guide for Developers

28 giu 2023 3 min di lettura
Blockchain Commands Hands-on Guide for Developers
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Blockchain is a technology that allows you to create immutable, decentralized and secure digital records. Its main application is in the field of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, but it is also increasingly used in other sectors such as data management and transaction security.

To develop applications on the blockchain, it is important to be familiar with the commands that allow you to interact with it. In this tutorial, we will look at some common commands used in blockchain application development.

Blockchain commands

Using Ganache CLI

Ganache CLI is a tool that allows you to simulate a local blockchain for development purposes. It's an easy way to test your applications without having to use a real blockchain network.

To get started, install the Ganache CLI using npm:

npm install -g ganache-cli

Once installed, you can start your local blockchain with the command:


This will launch a Ganache CLI instance with 10 pre-generated accounts, each with a balance of 100 ETH. The local blockchain will connect to port 8545 of your computer. You can use this port to connect to the local blockchain from your applications.

Using Web3.js

Web3.js is a JavaScript library that allows you to interact with the blockchain using JavaScript. It is widely used in the development of decentralized applications (DApps) on Ethereum.

To use Web3.js, start by adding the library to your project using npm:

npm install web3

Once installed, you can use the following code to initialize a Web3 instance and connect to your blockchain:

const Web3 = require('web3');
 const web3 = new Web3('http://localhost:8545');

 //Verifica la connessione;

This code creates a Web3 instance using your local blockchain URL. Next, check if the connection is active using the isListening() method. If the connection is active, the method will return true, otherwise it will return false.

Using Solidity

Solidity is a high-level programming language used to write smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain. Smart contracts are self-contained programs that run on the blockchain and can be used to automate transactions and manage user interaction.

To get started writing smart contracts with Solidity, you can use the text editor of your choice or an IDE like Truffle or Remix. Once you have written your contract, you will need to compile the Solidity code into bytecode using the Solidity compiler. You can do this using the solc compiler from the command line:

solc <nome_contratto>.sol --bin --optimize -o <cartella_output>

This command will compile the file nome_contratto.sol into bytecode and save it in the specified output folder. The compiled bytecode can be used to distribute your contract on the blockchain.

Using Truffle

Truffle is a developer tool that makes it easy to create, build and deploy smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain. It is widely used in decentralized application development (DApps) and provides a comprehensive suite of tools for the complete development cycle.

To get started with Truffle, install the global development environment using npm:

npm install -g truffle

Once installed, you can create a new Truffle project using the command:

truffle init

This will create a new project folder with a basic structure. You can then write your smart contracts in the contracts/ folder and compile the code using the command:

truffle compile

Once the code is compiled, you can deploy your contract on the blockchain using the command:

truffle migrate

This will distribute your contract on the local or remote blockchain. You can configure the URL and other settings in the truffle-config.js folder.


In this tutorial, we have seen some common commands used in blockchain application development. Using these commands, you will be able to create a local blockchain for development purposes, interact with the blockchain using JavaScript, and write and deploy smart contracts using Solidity and Truffle. These are just some of the commands you can use in blockchain application development, but they are a good foundation to start with.

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